Church of St Mary the Virgin, West Walton

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Unusually for English Parish churches, the campanile at West Walton stands 64ft to the south of the church. It was built in its entirety in about 1250, after completion of the main body of the church and is one of the most elegant and accomplished early Gothic structures in England. The tower has recently been restored by The Churches Conservation Trust. It contains the original 13th century bell-frame and five bells that are no longer rung because of the decayed state of the timber that supports them.

Church of St Mary the Virgin, West Walton

Church of Saint Mary's dates from the 13th century built about 1240. It is unusual that the church's Bell tower is detached some 64 feet from the main building of the church. The tower is supported at its base by four open arches. At each corner stands a buttress which climb to the pinnacles with gabled niches in the first, second and third storey. The tower is topped with delicately carved parapet walls. The west doorway to the church is flanked on either side by massive buttresses, a result of remedial works carried out here after the foundations failed not long after the church was built. The south porch is arched with arcaded buttress on each side. The nave is arcaded with six bays on each side. The arches are supported on pillars which are encircled by detached shafts crowned with capitals of stone carved foliage. The hammer beamed roof dates from the 15th century and is supported by 24 carved angels holding shields.

The Western entrance of the church is dated from about 1240 with a central shaft or trumeau of Barnack stone, clustered Purbeck columns and stiff leaf carving retaining some traces of the original colouring. The elegant south porch is of similar date and features octagonal columns and dog-tooth ornaments.

The spacious six bay nave arcade is of outstanding design with its cylindrical columns and clustered marble shafts, all surmounted by deeply cut stiff leaf capitals. The clerestory and nave arcading are not aligned with each other, although are of similar date.

In the south aisle is an elaborate two-light Early English window with dog-tooth and rose designs carved in its capitals and mouldings, described by Pevsner as a perfect miracle of exquisite carving. This is almost certainly the only surviving original window in the church, the remainder having been altered in the 15th Century.

Wall paintings. The blind bays of the clerestory contain medieval wall paintings. The original ochre heraldic designs are contemporary with the construction of St Mary's. The spandrels between the arches of the nave arcade contain roundels emblematic of the tribes of Israel. These were painted over older geometrical roundels. Greater detail is given under nave wall paintings.

At the east end of the north aisle is an effigy of the founder in Purbeck marble, found in a fragmented state in 1847. It is closely paralleled by the monument of Bishop Kilkenny, d. 1257, in Ely Cathedral. Also in the north aisle is the tomb which commemorates the Repps family whose history can be traced back to the Eleventh Century. The Prior of Lewes leased the major part of the manor buildings to the family in 1533 and they were influential villagers from that date until 1650.

On the wall of the south aisle is a board erected by John Oxburch in 1677 recording three great floods which overflowed all Marshland in November 1613, March 1614 and September 1671. John Oxburch lies buried in the chancel.

The church contains a Churchwardens Chest made of elm coffin boards, and an 18th century iron carroon chest.

Other notable features in St Mary church are 15th century carved wooden benches in the Chancel, font, elevated on three octagonal steps, dating from about 1400.

The Hammer-beam nave roof is of 15th century origin with outstanding carving (there are suggestions it may have been adapted from another church). Each carved figure bears a shield carrying an emblem. These emblems relate to the Passion, with the exception of two that bear the arms of the Suffolk family of Jermyn.

The earliest evidence for an organ in St Mary's occurs in White's Gazetteer of Norfolk (1845) which states that an organ was presented to the church "a few years ago" by the Revd E E Blencowe, who was Rector from 1831 - 1869. The present instrument was installed by George Maydwell Holdich reputedly in 1893. It incorporates a six stop chorus of early 18th century origin, Holdich's contribution to the pipework being restricted to a pedal Bourdon, manual Gamba and extending the compass of the old stops beyond top. Holdich may have been rebuilding Blencowe's instrument (assuming it was second hand) or clearing existing stock prior to his imminent retirement. The organ was restored by Michael Latham of Northampton and re-opened in February 1996.

The decoration in the nave consists of three distinct schemes dating from the 13th, 17th and 18th centuries. The earliest work (c. 1240) is set on a background of lime wash on which red lines simulate masonry. The south clerestory panels contain painted imitation tapestries decorated with ornamental crosses, fleur-de-lys, rosettes, griffins, doves and fish. More careful examination of a simple geometrical pattern of yellow and red rectangles reveals rows of fish hanging to dry. Close inspection, during restoration work, showed that outlines of birds as well as grids for the tapestry and roundel designs were incised into the plaster, and imprints of compass points could be seen. Originally, the 13th century decoration continued into the spandrels of the nave arcade in a series of roundels. These have been overpainted in subsequent schemes, but half spandrels, whose design resembles a rose window, have survived at the east end of the nave.

The superimposed 17th and 18th century schemes depict ten of the tribes of Israel. Each roundel gives the tribe's name, has an appropriate emblem painted on a shield, and supplies a relevant biblical reference. In places elements of the 13th and 17th century decoration show through the subsequent reworking.

Site Information
Opening Times:
Dawn to dusk
Contact Details:
Paul Williman
Website:
Address:
School Road, West Walton, Wisbech, PE14 7ET, Norfolk
Visitor Information
Parking
Yes
Refreshments (nearby)
Yes
Features
Architecture
Atmosphere
Churchyard
Interior features
Links to National Heritage
Monuments
Social Heritage
Nearby Attractions
Attraction 1:
Church of All Saints, Walsoken
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1.78 Miles Away
Described by Pevsner as ‘the grandest Norman Parish Church in Norfolk.’ Has Norman nave arcade, seven sacrament font, C15 wall painting and angel roof and medieval carved poppy head pew ends.
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Attraction 2:
Church of St Peter & St Paul, Walpole St Peter
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2.92 Miles Away
Walpole St. Peter's Church is simply a fenland village parish church, but its beauty has so stunned visitors that it has been called the Queen of the Marshlands and Cathedral of The Fens.
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Attraction 3:
Church of St John the Baptist, Terrington St John
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4.51 Miles Away
This church has been a place of prayer and worship for nearly 600 years and it is hoped that visitors will enjoy the tranquil atmosphere. The present Church was begun in 1423 to replace two earlier buildings, one of which was dedicated to St James. It is assumed that the present site of the church was formerly known by this name and possibly refers to a pilgrim cross marking the route to the Shrine at Walsingham.
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Attraction 4:
Church ruins of St Mary, Islington
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6.56 Miles Away
St Mary's is a mainly fourteenth-century cruciform church, and sits in the richest of all ecclesiastical belts that stretches from King's Lynn to Wisbech. The romantic buttressed and battlemented tower retains two bells, and within the chancel are fine monuments to the Bagges family. Parts of the church are now ruined although the tower and chancel still have a roof.
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Attraction 5:
Church of St Clements, Outwell
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6.57 Miles Away
A largely 14th century church containing a 13th century tower and nave west wall. The church underwent a thorough remodeling in the 15th and 16th century. Also included under this listing is an 18th century table tomb.
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